Annals

Progress in Convergence

Edited by Edited by William Sims Bainbridge and Mihail C. Roco (National Science Foundation, Arlington, Virginia)
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Progress in Convergence

Published: December 2006

Volume 1093

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Continued economic growth, human welfare, and national security depend upon constant technological progress; and the chief area for innovation in the coming years will be converging technologies, the synergistic combination of the “NBIC” fields: nanotechnology, biotechnology, information technology, and new technologies based in cognitive science. Convergence will bring new approaches to what are currently diverse areas of research, such as converging technology platforms, physical and mental performance, human-machine interfaces, human cognition and communication, education and training, work efficiency, and many others. On their own, each of the NBIC technologies offers the potential for extraordinary advancement, but combined their potential is enormous and may provide revolutionary progress in human longevity, quality of life, learning, and productivity.