Annals

Technical Considerations for Rice Fortification in Public Health

Edited by Edited by Luz Maria De-Regil (World Health Organization), Arnaud Laillou (Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition), Regina Moench-Pfanner (Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition), and Juan Pablo Peña-Rosas (World Health Organization)
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Technical Considerations for Rice Fortification in Public Health

Published: September 2014

Volume 1324

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Fortification of staple foods and commonly used condiments with vitamins and minerals has been considered one of the most cost-effective interventions to prevent and control micronutrient deficiencies. Because of its wide local consumption, acceptability, reach, and quantum of consumption, rice (Oryza sativa) far exceeds the requirements of a staple food vehicle that can be considered for fortification purposes at a population-level intervention. The World Health Organization (WHO) has the mandate to develop evidence-informed guidelines for the fortification of staple foods as a public health intervention, including rice fortification with micronutrients. The WHO, in collaboration with the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN), convened a consultation on “Technical Considerations for Rice Fortification in Public Health” in Geneva, Switzerland on October 9–10, 2012 to provide technical inputs to the guideline development process, particularly with reference to feasibility and implementability. This Annals volume presents a collection of reports stemming from this consultation and includes a broad spectrum of topics, including different technologies used industrially for the production of fortified rice, worldwide rice consumption patterns, the stability of micronutrients in fortified rice and rice products, the bioavailability of potential iron and zinc compounds used in the fortification of rice, a methodological approach to estimate appropriate fortification levels in different types of rice according to technology and consumption practices, international experiences with legal frameworks, definitions of rice fortification, and the development of national or private norms and standards for fortified rice.

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