Annals

The Year in Evolutionary Biology (2)

Edited by Edited by Carl D. Schlicting (University of Connecticut) and Timothy A. Mousseau (University of South Carolina)
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The Year in Evolutionary Biology (2)

Published: September 2010

Volume 1206

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The 2010 issue of The Year in Evolutionary Biology series of the Annals contains six synthetic reviews and two perspectives; several address issues related to speciation, ranging from a synthesis of research on two continents on the fascinating adaptive radiation of crossbills, to an evaluation of how differences in gene expression affect the process of ecological speciation. Papers include an intriguing meta-analysis of publications on allopatric versus sympatric speciation that looks at whether or not authors have fully considered alternate hypotheses; analysis of patterns of adaptation to climatic variation focused on phenotypic plasticity in response to global climate change; a fresh look at the genetic controls of plant stress responses from an evolutionary viewpoint; new perspectives on the evolution of life histories, including a short summary of the evolutionary importance of telomeres and how density dependence impacts the evolution of life histories; and last, a tour de force evolutionary analysis of the causes and consequences of persistent human diseases, suggesting that many of these may be pleiotropic results of strong selection on just a small group of human tissues.