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Culture and Intelligence

Culture and Intelligence
Reported by
Ann Rae Jonas

Posted June 28, 2005


On April 18, 2005, the Academy's Psychology and Anthropology sections sponsored a presentation by Robert J. Sternberg, IBM Professor of Psychology and Education at Yale University and director of the Center for the Psychology of Abilities, Competencies, and Expertise (PACE) within Yale's psychology department. Sternberg spoke on how cultural conceptions of intelligence influence how and what individuals learn, and how they solve the problems of daily life. He argued that an understanding of this relationship between culture and intelligence is essential to any efforts to assess intelligence.

Web Site

The Pace Center, Yale University
Contains descriptions of all of the research projects conducted by the Center.


Sternberg, R. J. & E. L. Grigorenko. 2000. Teaching for Successful Intelligence. Skylight, Arlington Heights, IL.

Sternberg, R. J., G. B. Forsythe, J. Hedlund, et al. 2000. Practical Intelligence in Everyday Life. Cambridge University Press, New York.

Sternberg, R. J. 1997. Successful Intelligence: How Practical and Creative Intelligence Determine Success in Life. Plume, New York.

Sternberg, R. J. 1990. Metaphors of Mind: Conceptions of the Nature of Intelligence. Cambridge University Press, New York.

Sternberg, R. J. 1985. Beyond IQ: A Triarchic Theory of Human Intelligence. Cambridge University Press, New York.

Sternberg, R. J. 1977. Intelligence, Information Processing, and Analogical Reasoning: The Componential Analysis of Human Abilities. Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ.


Benson, E. 2003. Intelligent intelligence testing. Monitor on Psychology 34(2): 48. Full Text
A concise survey of recent efforts to reform intelligence testing.

Miele, F. 1995. Interview with Robert Sternberg on The Bell Curve. Skeptic 3(3): 72-80. Full Text

Sternberg, R. J. 2004. Culture and intelligence. Am. Psychol. 59: 325-338.

Sternberg, R. J. 1999. The theory of successful intelligence. Rev. Gen. Psychol. 3: 292-316.


Robert J. Sternberg, PhD

Yale University
e-mail | web site | publications

Robert Sternberg is IBM Professor of Psychology and Education in the department of psychology, professor of management in the School of Management, and director of the Center for the Psychology of Abilities, Competencies, and Expertise (PACE) at Yale University. His interest in testing began in sixth grade when, suffering from anxiety, he did so poorly on a standardized test that he was made to take it a second time with fifth graders. He felt much more confident among the fifth graders and did well on the test. For a seventh-grade science project, he developed his own intelligence test, the Sternberg Test of Mental Ability (STOMA).

Sternberg is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He was the 2003 president of the American Psychological Association. His many honors include Early Career and McCandless Awards of the American Psychological Association, the Palmer O. Johnson Award of the American Educational Research Association, and the Cattell Award of the Society for Multivariate Experimental Psychology.

Ann Rae Jonas

Ann Rae Jonas is a freelance science writer and editor in New York City. She is the author of The Museum of Science Book of Answers and Questions. Her book of poetry A Diamond Is Hard but Not Tough was the winner of Word Works' 1997 Washington Prize.