Lyceum Society May 2019
Monday, May 6, 2019
The New York Academy of Sciences, 7 World Trade Center, 250 Greenwich St Fl 40, New York
Established in 1993, The Lyceum Society is comprised of the Academy’s retired and semi-retired Members. These Members are from diverse backgrounds, have different areas of scientific interest and expertise, and have practiced many professions. Their disciplines include Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Chemical and Physical Sciences, Mathematics and Information Sciences, Social Sciences, Engineering, Medicine, Dentistry, and many others.
The Society hosts convivial monthly meetings at the Academy. These meetings feature lectures and discussions with scientists from around the world, and also provide participating Members with the opportunity to give self-directed presentations and seminars based on their own specialties or new research interests. All Academy Members are welcome.
All Lyceum meetings (except December) are Brown Bag lunches.
May 06, 2019
Brown Bag Lunch
Initial Presentation: Paleo Anthropology; Hominid Evolution
Main Presentation: The Human Microbiome
Humans are born germ free, but quickly begin to acquire microbes. The human microbiome refers to the trillions of microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, etc.) that comprise the unique resident population acquired by each person. The activities of these microbes were long thought to center in the gastrointestinal tract as well as on the skin, in the nose and mouth and the genitourinary tract. Emerging research is now looking at the microbiome’s possible effects on mental well-being and depression as well as parsing the differences in the nascent microbiome of newborns due to differences such as delivery route and whether they nurse or receive pumped breast milk from a bottle. As a child ages, the microbiome is also seen to predict obesity in pre-teens. This presentation will review these findings as well as examine the contributions of the microbiome to drug pharmacokinetics and toxicity.