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The Youth Vaping Epidemic: From Science to Public Policy

The Youth Vaping Epidemic: From Science to Public Policy

Friday, April 3, 2020, 8:30 AM - 5:00 PM


This event has been postponed until a future date yet to be determined in an effort to support global initiatives to contain the spread of the new coronavirus (COVID-19). Existing event registrations will be preserved. Upon announcement of a new event date, all registrants will be notified via email. Any registrants not able to attend on the new event date will be eligible to receive a full refund of their registration fee via the original method of payment within 90 days of the announcement of the new event date. Please check back in the future for updates. Please contact our Customer Service department with questions.


Presented By

The New York Academy of Sciences

 

Teenagers are vaping in record numbers, while vaping-associated lung injuries and deaths continue to rise. This youth vaping epidemic highlights the urgent need to understand the science of nicotine addiction, in particular with regard to the developing brain, and the potential long term health effects of compounds found in vapes. This symposium will convene experts from academic, clinical, public health, and policy communities to discuss new approaches for prevention — with a focus on emerging science to support evidence-based policy recommendations.


There will be an evening program titled, Vaping: Fact versus Fiction, convening on April 2, 2020 at the New York Academy of Sciences. For more information and registration for the previous day's nighttime program, please visit: www.nyas.org/VapeFacts2020.

Scientific Organizing Committee

Brian King
Brian King, PhD, MPH

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Jennifer Layden
Jennifer Layden, MD, PhD

Illinois Department of Public Health

Alexandra Loukas
Alexandra Loukas, PhD

The University of Texas at Austin

Howard A. Zucker, MD, JD
Howard A. Zucker, MD, JD

New York State Department of Health

Sonya Dougal, PhD
Sonya Dougal, PhD

New York Academy of Sciences

Barbara Knappmeyer, PhD
Barbara Knappmeyer, PhD

New York Academy of Sciences

Speakers

Bonnie Halpern-Felsher, PhD
Bonnie Halpern-Felsher, PhD

Stanford University

Steven Kelder
Steven Kelder, PhD, MPH

University of Texas School of Public Health, Austin Campus​

David A. Kessler, MD
David A. Kessler, MD

University of California, San Francisco

Brian King
Brian King, PhD

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin, PhD
Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin, PhD

Yale School of Medicine

Jennifer Layden
Jennifer Layden, MD, PhD

Illinois Department of Public Health

Frances Leslie, PhD
Frances Leslie, PhD

University of California, Irvine

Rachel Grana Mayne
Rachel Grana Mayne, PhD, MPH

National Cancer Institute

Matthew Myers, JD
Matthew Myers, JD

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids

Nancy A. Rigotti
Nancy A. Rigotti, MD

Havard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital

Donna Vallone, PhD, MPH
Donna Vallone, PhD, MPH

The Truth Initiative

Howard Zucker, MD, JD
Howard Zucker, MD, JD

Commissioner, New York State Department of Health

Event Sponsors

Friday

April 03, 2020

8:30 AM

Registration & Breakfast

9:00 AM

Opening Remarks

Speaker

Sonya Dougal, PhD
The New York Academy of Sciences
9:15 AM

The Rise of E-cigarettes: Implications for Public Health Practice

Speaker

Brian King, PhD
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Considerable progress has been made reducing cigarette smoking among U.S. youth over the past two decades. However, the tobacco product landscape has diversified to include various combustible, non-combustible, and electronic products. In recent years, current e-cigarette use and the frequency of e-cigarette use among current users has dramatically increased among U.S. youth. This increase has erased past progress in reducing overall tobacco product use. In 2019, 27.5% of U.S. high school students and 10.5% of middle school students currently used e-cigarettes.

This presentation will set the stage for subsequent sessions during the conference by providing a broad overview of the issue of youth e-cigarettes use, including the evolution of e-cigarettes since their entry into the U.S. marketplace in 2007. The presentation will also discuss underlying drivers of youth use, as well as general variations in youth use across population groups, including school level, sex, and race/ethnicity. It will also describe the health implications associated with youth use of these products, including nicotine exposure during adolescence and young adulthood, harmful and potentially harmful ingredients documented in e-cigarette aerosol, and the potential for e-cigarettes to serve as a gateway to conventional cigarettes smoking. Finally, the presentation will discuss interventions that can be implemented at the national, state, and community levels to prevent and reduce youth e-cigarette use.

Session 1: Neuroscience of Nicotine Addiction and Health Effects of Vaping

Session Chairperson
Alexandra Loukas, PhD
9:45 AM

Unique Effects of Nicotine on Adolescent Brain

Speaker

Frances Leslie, PhD
University of California, Irvine

Whereas the use of tobacco cigarettes has declined in the United States within recent years, the use of electronic cigarettes has increased exponentially. The perceptions of low health risk, combined with the appeal of flavors and minimal market regulations, have created a climate for the wide use of these products by teenagers. However, as highlighted in our pre-clinical studies, nicotine is a neurotoxicant that can produce unique and long-lasting negative effects in this age group. Nicotine mediates its effects via nicotinic cholinergic receptors, which are pentameric ligand-gated ion channels that are widely distributed throughout the brain. Nicotinic receptors are expressed early in brain development and play critical maturational roles at many developmental stages, including adolescence. Since it is unethical to conduct experimental studies of nicotine effects on teenage brain, animal models are widely used. We have shown that nicotine has unique behavioral and biochemical effects in adolescent rats. Adolescents are more sensitive than adults to the rewarding effects of nicotine. Furthermore, nicotine exposure during early adolescence results in enhanced rewarding effects of other abused drugs, including cocaine, methamphetamine and alcohol. The neural mechanisms underlying this enhancement of drug reward will be discussed.

10:15 AM

Break

10:45 AM

Panel Discussion: Factors Driving the Youth Vaping Epidemic

Speakers

Bonnie Halpern-Felsher, PhD
Stanford University
Rachel Grana Mayne, PhD
National Cancer Institute
Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin, PhD
Yale School of Medicine
11:30 AM

EVALI and Lung Disease

Speaker

Jennifer Layden, MD, PhD
Illinois Department of Public Health
12:00 PM

Health Risks of Electronic Nicotine Delivering Systems

Speaker

Nancy Rigotti, MD
Havard Medical School
12:30 PM

Networking Lunch

Session 2: Public Policy for Prevention

Session Chairperson
Brian King, PhD
2:00 PM

Policy Overview

Speaker

Howard Zucker,MD, JD
Commissioner, New York State Department of Health
2:30 PM

Regulatory Issues

Speaker

David Kessler, MD
University of California, San Francisco
3:00 PM

Networking Coffee Break

3:30 PM

School Policy – Challenges & Recommendations

Speaker

Steve Kelder, PhD
University of Texas School of Public Health, Austin Campus​
4:00 PM

Different Approaches in Different States

Speaker

Matthew Myers, JD
Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids
4:30 PM

A Multilevel Approach to Reduce Vaping Among Young People in the U.S.: Recent Data from Truth Initiative

Speaker

Donna Vallone, PhD
The Truth Initiative

The vaping epidemic among young people came about through a lack of vaping policy and regulation, an aggressive industry-sponsored media campaign, and the absence of appealing quit vaping treatment. Grounded in the Social Ecological Model, the Truth Initiative takes a multi-level, population-based approach to help tackle each of these challenges head-on.  At the policy level, we are focused on examining the role of vaping policy within the rapidly changing product and policy landscape over time.  At the social and community level, our focus is on deploying and evaluating our evidence-based truth® campaign, including a current innovative social influencer media effort to normalize quitting.  Finally, at the individual level, our efforts focus on delivering the first-ever digital and scalable quit vaping program, This Is Quitting (TIQ), to youth and young adults.

The Truth Initiative has established a set of critical mechanisms to provide timely and relevant information about this rapidly evolving epidemic, including the Truth Longitudinal Cohort (TLC), a nationally representative, probability sample of respondents aged 15-24 followed since 2014; a weekly tracking survey of youth and young adults aged 15-24; a comprehensive library of Nielsen sales data for monitoring changes in consumer behavior across a variety of retail outlets; a suite of social media monitoring and listening tools to stay current on youth vaping culture; a set of studies designed to test the efficacy and optimize our quit vaping program, and lastly, a GIS-linked policy database of all vaping-related policies across the country.

This presentation will 1) provide a broad overview of current data and findings from various studies; 2) highlight the gaps in practice and policy; and 3) discuss plans for future activities related to the current vaping epidemic among youth and young adults.

5:00 PM

Closing Remarks

5:15 PM

Networking Reception

6:00 PM

Adjourn

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