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Academy eBriefing Writing Test 2019

Please choose assignment A, B, or C. Each assignment includes links to media recordings of past Academy presentations. Please watch the videos and write a 500-word summary of the content. In addition to an explanation of the science, the summary should provide context and relate the individual presentations to the major theme of the conference.

Select an assignment in the field most closely related to the subject(s) you would like to write about for the Academy. Please note that your 500-word summary should only include the presentations/discussions specified in the assignment.

When you are finished with your 500-word summary, please also write two suggested tweets that would encourage social media users to read your summary.

Assignment A: Life and Medical Sciences

Event: Resolution of Inflammation, Infection and Tissue Regeneration

Event Description: Chronic, uncontrolled inflammation has been implicated in a wealth of human diseases, but the importance of controlled inflammation in response to pathogens, and the redundancy and complexity of the immune response creates a challenging environment for drug discovery. In recent years, our understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying inflammation has improved dramatically, most notably the identification of resolution of inflammation as an active process has created a rapidly evolving field of research — Resolution Pharmacology — that promises novel approaches for the treatment of inflammatory diseases via resolution agonists.

This conference convened pre-eminent researchers at the cutting edge of the field to discuss mechanisms of inflammation, tissue repair, and regeneration, and explore the existing hurdles to clinical approaches.

Please find the following video presentations in Session 2a of the Resolution of Inflammation, Infection and Tissue Regeneration eBriefing:

  • Providing Proof of Principle for Atherosclerosis, Lung Cancer, Kidney Disease, and Osteoarthritis: Lessons from CANTOS
  • Resolution of Vascular Injury: Mechanisms and Therapeutic Implications
  • Dysregulation of Resolution Pathways in Atherosclerosis

Assignment B: Environmental Science and Nutrition 

Event: Hidden Hunger: Solutions for America’s Aging Population

Event Description: Micronutrient deficiency in older adults—often termed “hidden hunger”— is caused by a number of biological and environmental factors that may not be immediately obvious to health care providers. As a result, the condition is not well diagnosed or documented. This one-day event, designed for public health officials, healthcare practitioners, and scientists interested in elder nutrition, will focus on our current understanding of hidden hunger in the U.S. and highlight the role of policies to encourage quality health care practices that focus on promoting adequate nutrition in the elderly.

Please find the following video presentations in Session 1 of the Hidden Hunger: Solutions for America’s Aging Population eBriefing:

  • Hidden Hunger in Older Adults: Size and Scope of the Challenge and Its Role in Healthy Aging
  • Foods, Nutrients, and Dietary Patterns for Healthy Aging
  • Defining Hidden Hunger in the US Context of Aging and Obesity

Assignment C: Science Education, Professional Development, and Public Policy

Event: Academia Challenges for Women in STEM: Training, Discrimination, and Policy

Event Description: Academic training in the sciences is designed to prepare students to develop an independent and rigorous mindset based on the scientific method. And yet, severe gender biases persist and continue to plague academic environments.

recent report by Elsevier (2017) showed that while the number of women researchers in academia has increased in the last 20 years, women researchers publish fewer papers and are less likely to collaborate internationally or to engage in cross sector research. This report collected data from 27 countries for over 20 years. On the other hand, a study on gender inequality in Mexico found that when factors such as promotion to senior academic ranks and institutional selectivity are controlled for, women produce higher quality research than men (Rivera Leon et al., 2016). However, these women are underrepresented in labs that are led by elite male faculty. In labs run by biological male scientists, women made up 36% of postdoctoral researchers and 47% of grad students (Sheltzer & Smith, 2014).

At this event, we presented the findings of the Elsevier report Gender in the Global Research Landscape, including case studies of global and local programs, and hosted a panel with scientists in academia and in non-academic enterprises to discuss the challenges women in academia face when pursuing careers in STEM. Panelists also discussed examples of successful initiatives to advance women in STEM.

Please find the following video presentation and panel discussion in the Meeting Report of the Academia Challenges for Women in STEM: Training, Discrimination, and Policy:

  • Analysis of Research Performance Through a Gender Lens
  • Panel Discussion: Training Challenges Faced by Women Pursuing Careers in STEM