Results of The Sackler Institute for Nutrition Science Research Award Call for Proposals 2012, 2013, & 2014

Winners

Jeannette Beasley, PhD
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Research proposal: Effects of intake of sugar on the development and prevention of major non-communicable diseases.

"We know that foods high in sugar are the largest contributors to energy intake in this country, so determining this connection is critically important—particularly in a group that is traditionally under-studied and under-served in medicine."

Dr. Beasley is a nutritional epidemiologist and an Assistant Professor in the Department of Epidemiology and Population Health at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. She obtained her BSc in biology at the College of William and Mary, MPH/RD in nutrition at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, and PhD in epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Her postdoctoral training, at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, focused on the development and evaluation of novel dietary assessment methods. Beasley’s recent work with the Women’s Health Initiative demonstrated an inverse association between dietary protein and frailty that was more evident after accounting for measurement error using biomarker calibration of energy and protein intake. The Sackler Award will extend upon this work by applying similar calibration methods to better understand the role of intake of sugars in disease within a multi-cultural setting.


Kristina H. Lewis, MD, MPH, SM
Kaiser Center for Health Research, Southeast

Research proposal: The KP personal shopper: A pilot to strengthen the impact of dietary advice.

"Bridging the gap between knowing and doing is one of the hardest parts of behavior change – getting consumers to act on dietary advice is no exception. Because diet-related chronic illness is so common, it is critical for healthcare to innovate in this area."

Dr. Lewis is a practicing general internist and Assistant Investigator at the Kaiser Center for Health Research in Atlanta, Georgia. Her research focuses on innovative interventions to improve the treatment of obesity and related conditions, with a focus on making more evidence-based policy decisions. Lewis received her medical degree from Tulane University, where she concurrently earned an MPH in Epidemiology. She went on to residency at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, followed by the Harvard General Internal Medicine Fellowship at the Obesity Prevention Program (part of the Department of Population Medicine). During fellowship she earned a second master’s degree in health policy and management from the Harvard School of Public Health. Her current work includes leading an insurance claims-based study to examine bariatric surgical outcomes and how these outcomes are modified by patient-level factors such as socioeconomic status, age, and preoperative disease severity.


Dariush Mozaffarian, MD, PhD, MPH
Harvard Medical School, Harvard School of Public Health, and Brigham and Women’s Hospital

Research proposal: Comparative effectiveness of population strategies to improve diet.

"While we know that dietary quality plays a major role in health, the optimal interventions to improve dietary habits are unclear. Our research will evaluate how different policy approaches, including food regulation, food pricing, and schools and workplace programs, can improve dietary habits in populations."

Dr. Mozaffarian is a cardiologist and epidemiologist; Co-Director of the Program in Cardiovascular Epidemiology; Associate Professor in the Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School; and Associate Professor in the Department of Epidemiology at the Harvard School of Public Health. His research focuses on the effects of lifestyle, particularly dietary habits, on cardiovascular health and disease. Mozaffarian has authored over 150 scientific publications and research studies relating to lifestyle and cardiovascular health. He has served on many national and international committees and advisory boards and is currently Chair of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation / WHO Global Burden of Diseases Nutrition and Chronic Diseases Expert Group. A Fellow of the American College of Cardiology and a Fellow of the American Heart Association, Mozaffarian received a BS in biological sciences from Stanford University (with Honors, with Distinction, Phi Beta Kappa), an MD from Columbia University (Alpha Omega Alpha), an MPH from the University of Washington, and a Doctorate in Epidemiology from the Harvard School of Public Health. He is board-certified in Cardiovascular Medicine and remains clinically active on the cardiology service at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston.

Judges

Sharon R. Akabas, PhD
Institute for Human Nutrition, Columbia University

Dr. Akabas has a PhD in Nutrition Science and Exercise Physiology from Columbia University. She is currently Director of the MS in Nutrition at Columbia University’s Institute of Human Nutrition and Associate Director for Educational Initiatives. She teaches as Columbia’s Institute of Human Nutrition. Akabas has organized several symposia in recent years, with the goal to convene national and international experts on controversial topics, and to make recommendations for research, practice and policy. Most recently, Akabas has focused on community-based strategies for the prevention of childhood obesity. Akabas has also acted in a consulting capacity to sports teams, government agencies, and private industry on issues relating to the translation of science to public policy and to clinical and public health settings. Recently, Akabas co-edited The Textbook of Obesity, published by Wiley Blackwell Publishers. In 2010, she was awarded the Presidential Award for Outstanding Teaching, Columbia University.

Gerald F. Combs, Jr., PhD
Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center, USDA-ARS

Dr. Combs is the Director of the USDA Human Nutrition Research Center in Grand Forks, ND, having served in that capacity since 2002 when he moved from Cornell University, where he was a Professor in the Division of Nutritional Sciences. Combs graduated from the University of Maryland in 1969 and subsequently obtained MS and PhD degrees from Cornell. He held a faculty position at Auburn University from 1974–1975 and joined the Cornell faculty in 1975. He is a Professor Emeritus, Cornell University, and holds appointments as Adjunct Professor at the School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of North Dakota, and the School of Food Systems, North Dakota State University. Combs is a leader in selenium nutrition/metabolism. He has been selected to work in various capacities abroad (notably as the first US scientist to work in modern China), as well as appointed to the USDA Senior Scientific Research Service. His current research addresses the proteomics/metabolomics of selenium in humans, including effects of adiposity.



Ian Darnton-Hill, MBBS
Tufts University and University of Sydney, Australia

Dr. Darnton-Hill has more than 35 years of practical experience in public health interventions, health policy, and analysis of national and other programs, with an emphasis on public health nutrition. He is currently Adjunct Professor at The Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise & Eating Disorders at the University of Sydney, Australia, and the Friedman School of Nutrition Science & Policy, Tufts University, USA. He has held many senior positions at UNICEF, WHO, Helen Keller International, and JSI. Darnton-Hill has worked and lived in a variety of countries and now consults with the World Bank, the UN and other agencies, and is chairing a steering committee for the BOND Project at the National Institutes of Health. He has over a 100 publications in peer-reviewed journals. He is a Fellow of the Faculty of Public Health Medicine of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians, of the American College of Nutrition, and of the Royal Society of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

S. K. Dey, PhD
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Dr. Dey’s laboratory has been engaged in defining the molecular and genetic basis of preimplantation embryo development and embryo-uterine interactions during embryo implantation. His group has shown that any aberration of the implantation process leads to adverse ripple effects throughout the subsequent course of development, compromising pregnancy outcome. The work from his group has been published in numerous peer-reviewed journals including Nature, Science, Cell, PNAS, Genes & Development, Development, Developmental Cell, Nature Medicine, Journal of Clinical Investigation, Endocrinology, and Molecular Endocrinology. He was recruited from Vanderbilt University in 2008 to open a new division of Reproductive Sciences at the Cincinnati Children’s and is currently Lova Riekert chair and professor of Pediatrics, Director of Division of Reproductive Sciences at Cincinnati Children’s Research Foundation, Cincinnati, Ohio.



Sandra Engle, PhD
Primary Pharmacology Group, Pfizer

Dr. Engle received a BA in Biology with an emphasis in Human Genetics from Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana. She earned aPhD in Medical and Molecular Genetics at Indiana University School of Medicine, working in the laboratory of Jay Tischfield, where she generated a mouse model of human APRT deficiency. She completed two postdoctoral fellowships at the University of Cincinnati School of Medicine under the tutelage of Drs. Nelson Horseman and Tom Doetschman. In 2001, she took a position with the Genetically Modified Models Group at Aventis before moving to a similar group at Pfizer in 2004. She is currently a Senior Principal Scientist leading the Pluripotent Stem Cell Biology Laboratory of the Primary Pharmacology Group within Pfizer Inc. Her lab focuses on the generation of human induced pluripotent stem cells, in vitro differentiation of stem cells to terminally differentiated cell types of interest, and the genetic modification of human stem cells in support of drug discovery efforts.

Martin Hewison, PhD
David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA

Dr. Hewison is currently Professor in Residence at the David Geffen School of Medicine UCLA where his group has an established interest in the role of vitamin D in human physiology, and in particular the interaction between vitamin D and the immune system. Dr. Hewison gained hisPhD in Biochemistry from Guy’s Hospital Medical School London in 1987 and then spent nine years at University College London, initially as a postdoctoral fellow and then as a Junior Faculty. He then moved to the University of Birmingham where he established the UK’s major vitamin D research group, leading to an appointment as Professor in Molecular Endocrinology in 2004. In 2005 he joined Cedars-Sinai Medical Center Los Angeles but was then recruited to neighboring UCLA at the end of 2007. Dr. Hewison has published over 160 peer-reviewed manuscripts focused on various facets of steroid hormone endocrinology. He currently has a team of three postdocs, a clinical fellow and two PhD students and his work supported by NIH and March of Dimes funding.



Elvira Isganaitis, MD, MPH
Joslin Diabetes Center

Dr. Isganaitis is a Pediatric Endocrinologist and Research Associate at Joslin Diabetes Center, an affiliate of Harvard Medical School. Her research uses mouse models of abnormal prenatal environments, including gestational undernutrition and maternal insulin resistance, to investigate developmental determinants of childhood obesity and diabetes risk. She has published several original articles on the intergenerational transmission of obesity and on adipose tissue dysfunction in the setting of catch-up growth, as well as review articles on the prevention of childhood obesity, on the mechanistic links between fast food and obesity, and on adipocyte dysfunction following abnormal prenatal exposures.

Salomeh Keyhani, MD, MPH
University of California, San Francisco

Dr. Keyhani is an Assistant Professor in the Division of General Internal Medicine at UC at San Francisco. She is a practicing primary care internist and a health services researcher. Keyhani completed residency training in internal medicine and a fellowship in the Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholar program at Johns Hopkins. She received her MPH from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and also completed a health policy fellowship in the US Senate. Her research interests include the examination of the quality of health care services and health care policy research, examining the underuse and overuse of medical procedures, and comparing the quality of care in different health systems. Her policy research has largely focused on areas important to health care reform and factors that may contribute to inefficiency and the use of inappropriate care in the US health care system, including the quality and physician viewpoints of national.

Winners

Meredith Dyson
Catholic Relief Services, Sierra Leone

"Malnutrition is a persistent problem in Sierra Leone, where one in 10 children die before their first birthday. The standard approaches to prevention and treatment aren’t working fast enough. We need a more holistic approach to children’s health and wellbeing. We hope that through this research, we can build evidence for a model that supports families to give kids a better start, a better chance for a healthy and happy life."

Meredith Dyson is the Health Program Manager with Catholic Relief Services (CRS) in Sierra Leone. She leads the design,management and evaluation of health projects within the country program, with a focus on maternal and child health, nutrition, and early childhood development. She has also supported cholera outbreak emergency response and malaria programs in Sierra Leone, and nutrition and TB programs in Mali. Meredith earned her MSPH in International Health with a concentration in Health Systems at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and holds a BA in Cultural Anthropology from The George Washington University.


Daniel Schober, PhD
Gretchen Swanson Center for Nutrition
UNMC College of Public Health

"This research will help us understand how we can enable more mothers to breastfeed while in childcare facilities. Since the majority of mothers utilize childcare, it is important that this environment helps facilitate child health and well-being through the promotion of breastfeeding."

Dr. Daniel Schober is a Research Scientist at the Gretchen Swanson Center for Nutrition and an Assistant Professor at the University of Nebraska Medical Center in Health Promotion, Social & Behavioral Health, at the College of Public Health. He obtained his Masters of Public Health from the University of Kansas Medical Center and his PhD in Behavioral Psychology from the University of Kansas. His research involves developing and evaluating interventions to promote healthier dietary behavior in childcare centers, schools, and restaurants. Schober takes a participatory approach to his research, evaluation, and intervention development. He is also the lead scientist on the evaluation of Nemours National Early Care and Education Learning Collaborative Model.


Rebecca Stoltzfus, PhD
Cornell University

"Nutrition interventions for pregnant women could greatly benefit women and their infants, but they do not reach women due to a combination of social and health systems barriers. We want to discover whether a home-based support person will help overcome these barriers for pregnant women in rural Kenya."

Rebecca Stoltzfus is Professor in the Division of Nutritional Sciences and Director of the Program in International Nutrition. She holds a Ph.D. and M.S. in Human Nutrition from Cornell University and a Bachelor’s degree in chemistry from Goshen College. She has been a member of the National Academy of Sciences Food and Nutrition Board, Associate Editor of the Journal of Nutrition, president of the Society for International Nutrition Research, and is a Fellow of the International Union of Nutritional Sciences. She is a member of the WHO Expert Advisory Panel on Nutrition, and recipient of the Kellogg Award of the American Society for Nutrition for excellence in international nutrition research. Her research focuses on the causes and consequences of malnutrition in women and children in low-income countries, with collaborative research projects ongoing in Zimbabwe, Haiti, Bangladesh, Kenya and Ethiopia.

Judges

Christine Blake, PhD
University of South Carolina

Dr. Blake is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior in the Arnold School of Public Health at the University of South Carolina. She has previously worked as a Registered Dietitian in clinical and community settings. Dr. Blake received a BS in Food and Nutrition from SUNY Plattsburg and MS and PhD degrees in Community Nutrition from Cornell University. Her research provides insight into food-related behaviors to inform development of theory-based approaches for promoting healthy dietary intake. Her research interests include examination of contextual and cognitive factors that influence food-related behaviors with an emphasis on people and organizations that shape these behaviors in children. Her work draws heavily on schema theory, and involves the use of novel mixed-methods approaches. Dr. Blake’s work is guided by a general interest in improving family and child nutrition in low-income, hard to reach populations.

Diane Dembicki, PhD
Adelphi University

Dr. Dembicki is Clinical Associate Professor and Director of the online M.S. in Nutrition Program, which she developed, in the College of Nursing and Public Health and the Center for Health Innovation at Adelphi University. She earned her PhD in Nutrition with an emphasis in Public Health from Colorado State University, and holds master’s and bachelor degrees in Anthropology, investigating diet and disease in human skeletal remains. She was one of the clinical coordinators for the FDA’s human clinical trials on the Procter and Gamble fake fat olestra conducted by the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center and Colorado State University. Dr. Dembicki’s background includes community nutrition, hospital clinical dietetics, and cooperative extension. She has studied global nutrition and health in Peru and India. Her research interests include how pets influence eating and exercise habits and affect human health, best practices in online education, and capacity building in nutrition.



Ann DiGirolamo, PhD, MPH
Georgia State University

Ann M. DiGirolamo, PhD, MPH is a pediatric psychologist with additional training in public health and maternal and child nutrition. She is currently at Georgia State University in the Center of Excellence in Child and Adolescent Behavioral Health, Georgia Health Policy Center (GHPC), providing expertise in research and evaluation. She is also an adjunct faculty member at Rollins School of Public Health at Emory University. Prior to coming to the GHPC, Dr. DiGirolamo led the Nutrition and Early Childhood Development team at CARE, providing leadership and technical expertise in the development, implementation and evaluation of programs in resource poor countries addressing the nutrition and developmental needs of young children and their caregivers. Her main interests are in the social and behavioral factors affecting maternal and child health and well-being, specifically those factors critical to promoting optimal child and adolescent mental health and development. Dr. DiGirolamo has been Principal Investigator on several grants funded by NIH and other organizations (e.g., The Effects of Caregiving on Child Malnutrition; Zinc, Mental Health and School Performance), and Co-Investigator on a number of other federally and non-federally funded projects. She has authored/co-authored over 30 peer reviewed publications and has presented her work at multiple professional meetings locally, nationally, and internationally. Dr. DiGirolamo received her Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from Indiana University and a Master of Public Health and Bachelor of Arts from Emory University.

Lori Melichar, PhD
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

Lori Melichar, Ph.D., M.A., is a labor economist and the team director of the Pioneer Portfolio at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Pioneer works to discover, explore and learn from innovative thinking that could contribute to creating a culture of health. In particular, Lori is interested in bringing in perspectives of other fields — e.g., network analysis,data science, economics — to reconsider strategies for behavior change. Before joining Pioneer, Lori worked for six years to engage researchers to increase what is known and understood about how to improve the quality of care provided by nurses in hospitals and other settings. From 2008-2010. Lori served as the research director of the RWJF Initiative on the Future of Nursing, at the Institute of Medicine. Before joining the Foundation in 2002, Lori worked for the National Institutes of Child Health and Development and Pfizer Pharmaceuticals. She holds a Ph.D. and M.A. in economics from the University of Maryland at College Park and a B.A. in economics from Swarthmore College in Pennsylvania. An Oklahoma native, she now resides in New York City.



Gretel Pelto, PhD
Cornell University

Gretel H. Pelto is a Graduate Professor at Cornell University, Division of Nutritional Sciences. A medical anthropologist by training, her teaching has focused on maternal and child nutrition, community nutrition, and program planning and policy. During the 1990s she directed behavioral research in the Division of Child Health at the World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. Her field research has centered mainly in Mexico, but she has also been associated with studies in other parts of Latin America, Asia and Africa. She has served on many US and international advisory committees and is currently a member of several editorial boards, and a recipient of a number of awards, including an honorary doctorate from the University of Helsinki, Fellow of American Society for Nutrition, SN, and the Malinowski Award (2007) from the Society for Applied Anthropology.

Winners

Edward A. Frongillo, PhD
Arnold School of Public Health at the University of South Carolina

Research project: "Understanding Conceptualizations and Social Environment for Improving Pre-Pregnancy Planning and Nutrition for Adolescent Women in Harare, Zimbabwe"

"Promoting the health and nutrition of undernourished adolescent girls is a high global priority, but many in low-income countries are poorly prepared for pregnancy and the roles of being adult women and mothers. We want to learn about how adolescent girls in Harare, in the context of their social environment, understand pregnancy, planning for pregnancy, and nutrition, with the ultimate goal of developing effective ways of helping address their needs for information and preparation."

Edward A.Frongillo,PhD, is Professor and Chair of the Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior in the Arnold School of Public Health at the University of South Carolina. His research interests are growth, development, feeding, and care of infants and children; household and child food insecurity; and policy advancement and programs for improving nutrition and development.


Mark J. Manary, MD
Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

Research project: "Treating Pregnant Adolescents with Moderate Malnutrition in Malawi"

"I am so delighted that the Sackler Institute has chosen to take the bold step to support the nutritional health of older adolescents in Malawi through our antenatal project. These girls are so vulnerable and the deleterious consequences of malnutrition will extend for two lifetimes if not ameliorated. We look forward to helping hundreds of girls."

Mark Manary, MD, is the Helene B. Roberson Professor of Pediatrics at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. His vision is to solve pediatric malnutrition in Africa. He was one of the first champions of Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Food (RUTF), a lipid-based food rich in calories and nutrients used to treat uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition in a child's home, away from hospitals burdened with malnourished children. He conducted the first clinical trial of RUTF in 2001; because of his work, this therapy is now standard of care worldwide. Since then he has conducted dozens of groundbreaking studies over the last 20+ years into the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of acute and chronic malnutrition, both in inpatients and outpatients. Dr. Manary is also the founding director of Project Peanut Butter, a non-profit organization which manufactures and distributes RUTF within Malawi. He continues to explore the basic pathophysiology and metabolism of malnutrition, and is currently looking at the gut microbiota and metabolome in kwashiorkor and marasmus, and well as zinc homeostasis.


Deepa Sekhar, MD, MSc
Penn State College of Medicine

Research project: "Improving Detection of Iron Deficiency Among United States Adolescent Females"

"In the United States, 9-16% of adolescent females are iron-deficient with potentially negative effects on school performance, mood disorder, and concentration. Iron deficiency screening in primary care is based on testing for anemia, a late-stage indicator of iron deficiency, and misses most with the condition. Screening is not tailored to age or other risk factors specific to adolescents. In short, we use the wrong test, potentially at the wrong time, on the wrong women. Our study aims to develop a clinical risk assessment questionnaire to identify adolescent females at high-risk of iron deficiency, which we plan to incorporate into a sensitive and cost-effective primary care screening model."

Deepa Sekhar, MD, MSc, is Assistant Professor of Pediatrics at Penn State College of Medicine. Dr. Sekhar completed medical school at Brown University and a Pediatrics residency at New York Presbyterian Hospital-Cornell Medical Center. In 2008, she joined the Department of Pediatrics at Penn State College of Medicine. Dr. Sekhar participated in the K30 Penn State Clinical Research Training Program and completed a Master’s of Science Degree in 2012. As a general pediatrician, she is committed to pursuing an academic career focused on optimizing child and adolescent health in the primary care setting. Dr. Sekhar is currently funded as a Penn State NIH K12 BIRCWH Scholar.

Judges

Amy L. Frith, PhD, MPH
Ithaca College

Amy L. Frith, PhD, MPH is an Associate Professor in the Department of Health Promotion and Physical Education in the School of Health Sciences and Human Performance at Ithaca College. She has previously worked as a director for The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Dr. Frith received BS and MS degrees in Animal Science from Michigan State University, a MPH from Emory University in International Health, and a PhD in Nutrition from Cornell University. Her main interest is in investigating how socio-economic (e.g., food insecurity) and behavioral factors affect maternal and child health, in particular, those influencing parent-child relationships, child development and family stress. Dr. Frith is working towards understanding how contributors to maternal stress and nutrition interact to influence infant and child health and development in resource-constrained populations. Through working with cooperative extension and as a co-investigator with an USDA funded grant, she has been investigating on how to build capacity in resource-constrained populations to improve food security and prevent childhood obesity.

Rebecca Stoltzfus, PhD
Cornell University

Rebecca Stoltzfus is Professor in the Division of Nutritional Sciences and Provost’s Fellow for Public Engagement. She holds a Ph.D. and M.S. in Human Nutrition from Cornell University and a Bachelor’s degree in chemistry from Goshen College. She has been a member of the National Academy of Sciences Food and Nutrition Board, Associate Editor of the Journal of Nutrition, president of the Society for International Nutrition Research, the National Academy of Sciences Forum on Investing in Young Children Globally, and is a Fellow of the International Union of Nutritional Sciences. She is a member of the WHO Expert Advisory Panels on Nutrition and also Parasitology, and recipient of the Kellogg Award of the American Society for Nutrition for excellence in international nutrition research. Her research focuses on the causes and consequences of malnutrition in women and children in low-income countries, especially the integration of direct nutrition interventions with intersectoral strategies such as infectious disease control, WASH, food safety, and reproductive health. Her collaborative research projects are ongoing in Zimbabwe, Haiti, Bangladesh, Kenya and Ethiopia.



Hilary Creed-Kanashiro, MPhil
Instituto de Investigación Nutricional, Peru

After obtaining an M.Phil. from University College, London, Hilary came to the Instituto de Investigación Nutricional in Lima, Peru in 1971 where she has conducted nutrition research ever since. Her research has focussed primarily on the diagnosis of the nutritional situation of infants and young children (IYC) in underprivileged populations of Peru, and the development and implementation of nutrition intervention strategies to improve infant, young child and family feeding, nutrition and anemia in coastal, highland and rain forest (Indigenous) communities, particularly in the areas of complementary feeding and responsive feeding. She has been involved in the development of manuals, guides and materials in these topics. Hilary has considerable experience in applying formative research to design effective education-communication interventions, including consultancies for IYC feeding projects in India and Lao PDR as well as Peru. Recently she has worked with regional Andean institutions involved in agricultural interventions in developing links between nutrition, production and food security in poor highland populations.

James Berkley, MD
KEMRI Wellcome Trust Research Programme

Jay Berkley leads a research group focusing on infection and inflammation in childhood malnutrition, and on perinatal health at the KEMRI Centre for Geographic Medicine Research – Coast and Wellcome Trust Research Programme in Kilifi, Kenya. He joined KEMRI in 1997, undertaking a Wellcome Trust Research Training Fellowship on invasive bacterial infections and their relationships with malaria, HIV and malnutrition after completing specialist training in pediatrics and sub-specialist training in pediatric clinical immunology and infectious diseases in the UK. Dr. Berkley is involved in the Kenyan national training programme on integrated management of severe acute malnutrition and is an expert adviser to the Ministries of Health and the World Health Organisation.